An Ohio parent who doesn't have primary custody of their children will most likely be responsible for paying support to the other parent. These child support payments help the primary caregiver provide food, shelter, medical care and other needs for the children. However, a change in circumstances can make it difficult for a non-custodial parent to meet payment obligations.
It may be possible for an Ohio parent to negotiate a child support agreement without the need to go to court. In some cases, alternative dispute resolution methods are used to get both sides to come to a reasonable solution. It is also possible for parents to negotiate by themselves with or without the help of an attorney. Regardless of how an agreement is reached, it must be approved by a court to ensure that adequate support is provided.
Children are considered to be emancipated when they reach the age of majority. In Ohio, the age of majority is 18, but it is 21 in some states. At the point that a child is emancipated, their parents are no longer required to provide support for them. In some cases, a child may choose to become emancipated before they reach the age of majority.
Ohio custodial parents often rely on their child support payments, but situations do arise when someone might want to stop receiving the funds. Generally, the law very much encourages financial support for all children up to the age of majority, and a family court might try to persuade a parent not to alter a support agreement, but a legal process does exist for altering or ceasing child support.
Ohio fathers who pay child support may spend more time with their children than fathers who do not, according to a study that appeared in the Journal of Marriage and Family in February 2017. The study looked at nearly 5,000 births in 20 cities nationwide and also found that fathers who do not pay support are more likely to have children by multiple partners and work fewer hours.
An Ohio parent's duty to pay missed child support payments does not disappear when the child becomes an adult. Parents who are in arrears may have enforcement measures taken upon them so that the delinquent payments can be collected.
Parents in Ohio who are incarcerated or whose ex-spouse is incarcerated may be interested to learn that the Administration for Children and Families has created a regulation allowing prisoners to have their child support reduced. The new regulations are part of an overall Obama administration push toward federal prison reform.
Becoming a single parent is one of the most difficult jobs anyone can have. It is often made worse when it accompanies a legal battle with a former spouse over child support payments. The media is often filled with headline claims about the large amounts of money some single parents are awarded. These cases generally involve very wealthy celebrities, but they tend to generate plenty of bad publicity for all single parents.